Hanapepe means “crushed bay”; perhaps so named due the landslides in the valley or the appearance of the cliffs from the sea to the rocks surrounding the deep bay area.
History of Hanapepe
The native people of Hawai`i, Kanaka Maoli, inhabited the fertile valley of Hanapepe for centuries before Captain Cook arrived in 1778.
Hanapepe Valley is a fertile area, where many foods such as banana, sugar cane, and sweet potato were grown. Besides growing taro, kalo, from which “poi” is made, Hawaiians developed salt, cultivated in saltwater ponds for trade with sailors. Salt trading was the earliest entrepreneurial legacy of Hanapepe. The right to harvest salt, handed down through families, continues today.
The sugar industry flourished in the 1880's, bringing Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants to the islands. Most stores and towns on Kaua`i were built and owned by the sugar plantations. Hanapepe, however, was built by entrepreneurial immigrants. Many who retired from the sugar plantations or could not adapt to their strict working conditions came to Hanapepe to grow taro, rice, or begin small farms or businesses to serve the local community.
Labor union organizers in the early 1900's were welcome in Hanapepe. Workers in the fist half of the century who organized to strike for better wages or conditions at sugar and pineapple plantations were not allowed to reside at plantation camps; strikers had to stay in independent areas such as Hanapepe. The nearby harbor had many longshoremen who had concerns about working conditions and safety as well. Today workers have better safety regulations, wages and retirement benefits due to the activism of previous generations.
"It has been most truly said that these
old buildings do not belong to us only,
they belong to our forefathers and
they will belong to our descendants unless
we play them false. They are not in any
sense our own property to do as we like
with them. We are only trustees for
those who come after us."
William Morris, 1876